The Wisconsin legislature, effective May 1, 2011, has implemented strict notice requirements for any automatically renewing “Business Contracts” entered into after May 1, 2011.
The rule is codified through Wis. Stat. 134.49, and sets forth that any automatically renewing contract that does not make the following disclosures, will be held to be unenforceable as to the renewing term.
1. A statement that the contract will be renewed or extended unless the customer declines renewal or extension.
2. A statement indicating the duration of the additional contract period that would result from an automatic renewal or extension period.
3. A statement indicating whether an increase in charges to the customer will apply upon an automatic renewal or extension.
4. A description of action the customer must take to decline renewal or extension.
5. The date of the deadline for the customer to decline renewal or extension.
The statute also imposes new obligations on contracts in existence prior to May 1, 2011 that have an initial term of more than one year. If your business utilizes, or intends to utilize automatically renewing contracts, you should contact a Wisconsin Lawyer to ensure that they are in compliance with Wis. Stat. 134.49 and that they will be enforceable.
There are two purposes for a contract: 1) is to make sure the parties understand the deal, and 2) make sure one party or the other can enforce the deal if need be. If you don’t have a well written contract, you may not accomplish either of those goals.
I have written in the past about the importance of a well written contract, but as my litigation practice expands I am constantly reminded about how important this is. The importance of not only including all of the legal boilerplate, but also making sure the specifics of dispute resolution are ironed out is paramount.
While this is certainly a problem with small businesses that are (understandably so) trying to save money by drafting contracts themselves, it also is a problem with large corporations that have Attorneys draft their contracts. It seems so often the Attorneys get caught up in the minutia of who is warranting and representing versus providing notice or knowledge, that they miss defining important practical aspects of the contract.
I am currently involved in a major arbitration proceedings that involves two large companies with a dispute about how to interpret a provision of the contract. The contract sets out all of the proper legal positions of each party, but fails to define a mechanism to determine who actually has what rights. (I cannot give specifics, but it has to do with calculations of different percentages of sales, and there is no method given to determine such calculation)
Now, instead of spending a few more attorney hours sorting this problem out in advance, both parties are spending tens of thousands of dollars arbitrating the dispute.
If you are looking to start a business in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, or already own a business in the Wauwatosa or Milwaukee area, you might think, “I can save some money on using contracts and business formation services from an on-line website.” And this is true, you will certainly get a cheap alternative. Of course, as in all things in life, you get what you pay for.
Every well written contract can be broken into three main parts. These three parts I like to call Information, Action, and Insurance. You can read more about this in the three part series of posts “The Anatomy of a Contract” The information part of the Contract simply describes what the contract is about: who is involved and what they are contracting for. The on-line contracts, with your input, can usually cover the Information portion of the Contract pretty well. At the end of the day, if you fill in the proper blanks, you have at the very least an outline of what each party is looking to accomplish. Read more
This is an issue that comes up quite often in my Business Litigation Practice. When two businesses, especially small businesses, first get together they are excited to have the service/ a new client and other than maybe a written a proposal have nothing in writing setting out the terms of the agreement.
If everything does not go exactly according to everyone’s plans, this can lead to costly and frustrating litigation. Read more
Everyone always wants them, very few people actually get them. There are generally three ways to get attorneys fees.
One, if they are explicitly granted as a part of a contract for which you are pursuing a breach of contract claim, if you win you will get Attorney’s fees. If you do not, you may have to pay theirs. I am a big advocate of including Attorney’s fees in the provisions of contract, especially if you have chosen not to include a mediation or arbitration clause.
Click the links to get to Anatomy of a Contract part 1 of 3 or part 2 of 3
In part 2 of 3 I mentioned that the “Action” part of a contract is the most important part of a contract; and it is, but mainly because of how it relates to the “insurance” part of a contract. Everything that is discussed below about the “insurance” part is almost useless without a properly written “Action” section of a contract. If however, the “action” portion properly leads into the “insurance” section, you can create a piece of paper that does exactly what it is designed to do, protect your business in case of emergency.
If you missed “Anatomy of a Contract (Part 1 of 3)” click here
In that section I discussed the recitals, or as I refer to it, the “Information” part of a contract. The other two parts are “Action” and “Insurance”. In this post I am going to talk a bit about the “Action” portion of a contract.
To me this is the most important, and often most overlooked part of a contract, especially by those drafting contracts without the help of an Attorney. The most important aspect of the contract is setting out exactly what it is that the parties are contracting for. This takes work and some foresight, but the dividends for spending the extra time upfront pay off 10 fold in its ability to prevent and resolve future disputes.
Always a question that concerns business owners is what should be included in a contract? The short answer: everything that is needed. However, there are ways to break up drafting a contract to make it easier to know what should be included, and when it is too much and jeopardizes the deal getting done.
Even though there are many different parts of a contract and some of them can be quite long, there is a way to think about contract drafting as a three part system. I call them “Information”, “Action”, and “Insurance”: